On the Validation and Use of High-Fidelity Numerical Simulations for Gust Response Analysis

Auteurs: 

F. Huvelin, S. Dequand, A. Lepage, C. Liauzun (ONERA)

Specific gust response is considered as one of the most important loads
encountered by an aircraft. The Certification Specification (CS) 25, defined by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), and the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) 25, defined by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), describe the critical gusts that an aircraft must withstand. They must be analyzed for a large range of flight points (Altitude and Equivalent Air speed) and mass configurations. For some load cases, the standard tools could not be accurate enough to correctly predict the gust response and the use of high-fidelity computation could be required. Therefore, ONERA has implemented in its in-house Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code elsA (ONERAAirbus-Safran property) the capability to compute the high-fidelity aeroelastic gust response, directly in the time-domain, for different discrete gust shapes.

This paper presents some recent work achieved at ONERA concerning high-fidelity simulations for gust response. First, a physical validation of the gust response simulation is performed by comparing the results to those obtained experimentally on a scaled model. Second, numerical comparisons are performed using various techniques, in order to model the gust. Finally, an application for generic regional aircraft is shown.

AttachmentSize
AL14-06.pdf5.66 MB
Videos: 

Video 1 – Response of a NACA airfoil to a gust: Mach distributions for a gust period (URANS simulation with the gust amplitude equal to U/60)

 

Video 2 – Response of a NACA airfoil to a gust: Mach distributions for a gust period (URANS simulation with the gust amplitude equal to U/1500)

 

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